Dorothy Parker was born in Long Branch, New Jersey on August 22, 1893 (d. June 7, 1967). She was an American poet, short story writer, critic and satirist. She also had some success as a screenwriter but was blacklisted in Hollywood because of her political affiliations. Parker was a charter member of the Algonquin Round Table, a group of New York City actors, writers and critics.
Parker, who became a socialist in 1927 when she became involved in the Sacco and Vanzetti trial, was called before the House on Un-American Activities in 1955. She pleaded the Fifth Amendment. (Source: www.poets.org)
In 1967, Parker died of a heart attack. A firm believer in civil rights, she bequeathed her literary estate to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Upon his assassination some months later, the estate was turned over to the NAACP. In 1988, the NAACP claimed Parker’s remains and designed a memorial garden for them outside their Baltimore headquarters. The plaque reads;
“Here lie the ashes of Dorothy Parker (1893–1967) humorist, writer, critic. Defender of human and civil rights. For her epitaph she suggested, ‘Excuse my dust’. This memorial garden is dedicated to her noble spirit which celebrated the oneness of humankind and to the bonds of everlasting friendship between black and Jewish people. Dedicated by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. October 28, 1988.”
Dorothy Parker at www.poets.org.
The official Dorothy Parker site.
Dorothy Parker at Wikipedia.