Amalie, known as "Emmy" Noether, was born in Erlangen, Germany, on March 23, 1882 (d. April 14, 1935). Noether was an influential mathematician "known for her groundbreaking contributions to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Noether's groundbreaking work in algebra began in 1920. In collaboration with W. Schmeidler, she then published a paper about the theory of ideals in which they defined left and right ideals in a ring. The following year she published a landmark paper called Idealtheorie in Ringbereichen, analyzing ascending chain conditions with regard to (mathematical) ideals. Noted algebraist Irving Kaplansky called this work "revolutionary"; the publication gave rise to the term "Noetherian ring", and several other mathematical objects being called Noetherian." (Source: Wikipedia)
A March, 2012 article by the NY Times celebrating her "130th birthday."