Lucy Parsons was born in Texas around 1853 (d. March 7, 1942). She was an anarchist, a reformer, and an labor activist/organizer. “Described by the Chicago Police Department as “more dangerous than a thousand rioters” in the 1920s, Parsons and her husband had become highly effective anarchist organizers primarily involved in the labor movement in the late 19th century, but also participating in revolutionary activism on behalf of political prisoners, people of color, the homeless and women. She began writing for The Socialist and The Alarm, the journal of the International Working People’s Association (IWPA) that she and Parsons, among others, founded in 1883. In 1886 her husband, who had been heavily involved in campaigning for the eight-hour day, was arrested, tried and executed on November 11, 1887, by the state of Illinois on charges that he had conspired in the Haymarket Riot — an event which was widely regarded as a political frame-up and which marked the beginning of May Day labor rallies in protest.” (Source: Wikipedia)
In 1892, Parsons created a short-lived newspaper called Freedom: A Revolutionary Anarchist-Communist Monthly. In 1905 she helped found the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) and became an editor of the Liberator. In 1925 she began working with the National Committee of the International Labor Defense. She continued to give speeches well into her 80’s with her last major appearance being at the International Harvester in February 1941.
Lucy Parsons at www.biography.com
Lucy Parsons at Wikipedia.